QuaDRiGa, short for QUAsi Deterministic RadIo channel GenerAtor, is used for generating realistic radio channel impulse responses for system-level simulations of mobile radio networks. These simulations are used to determine the performance of new digital-radio technologies in order to provide an objective indicator for the standardization process in bodies like the third generation partnership program 3GPP.
QuaDRiGa was developed at Fraunhofer HHI to enable the modeling of MIMO radio channels for specific network configurations, such as indoor, satellite or heterogeneous configurations. Besides being a fully-fledged three dimensional geometry-based stochastic channel model, QuaDRiGa contains a collection of features created in SCM(e) and WINNER channel models along with novel modeling approaches which provide features to enable quasi-deterministic multi-link tracking of users (receiver) movements in changing environments.
QuaDRiGa contains a couple of new features and is furthermore calibrated against 3GPP channel models like 3GPP-3D and the latest New Radio channel model. The supported (standardized) channel models are:
Added features in version 2.6:
Added features in version 2.4:
Added features in version 2.2:
Features of version 2.0:
Features of version 1.4:
Quadriga Version: 2.6.1
QuaDRiGa is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Software License for The QuaDRiGa Channel Model. The details can be seen below. Please free to contact us for technical requests under: QuaDRiGa team.
|2.6.1||12.07.2021||Octave 6.2 compatibility, Semi-deterministic clusters, Performance improvements|
|2.4.0||03.11.2020||Added support for Satellite channel models, 3GPP CDL and TDL models, 3GPP InF models|
|2.2.0||27.06.2019||Added support for dual-mobility, vehicular and industrial scenarios|
|2.0.0||01.08.2017||Supports 3GPP 38.901 channel model (including spatial consistency and multi-frequency simulations) and final mmMAGIC channel model.|
|1.4.1||22.03.2016||Supports 3GPP-3D (3GPP TR 36.873) simulations and initial mm-wave channels up to 80 GHz.|
© Copyright 2011 - 2020 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., All rights reserved.
The Quadriga Channel Model ("QuaDRiGa") is used for generating realistic radio channel impulse responses for system-level simulations of mobile radio networks. These simulations are used to determine the performance of new technologies in order to provide an objective indicator for the standardization process in bodies like the third generation partnership program 3GPP.
Quadriga was developed at Fraunhofer HHI to enable the modeling of MIMO radio channels for specific network configurations, such as indoor, satellite or heterogeneous configurations. Besides being a fully-fledged three dimensional geometry-based stochastic channel model, QuaDRiGa contains a collection of features created in SCM(e) and WINNER channel models along with novel modeling approaches which provide features to enable quasi-deterministic multi-link tracking of users (receiver) movements in changing environments.
Redistribution and use of QuaDRiGa in source, with or without modification, are permitted without payment of copyright license fees provided that you satisfy the following conditions:
a. Use QuaDRiGa only for non-commercial purposes. Non-commercial usage in the context of this license is especially the use of QuaDRiGa for scientific, education or standardization purposes.
b. You must retain the complete text of this software license in redistributions of QuaDRiGa or your modifications thereto in source code form.
c. You must make available free of charge copies of the complete source code of the QuaDRiGa and your modifications thereto to recipients of copies in binary form. The name of Fraunhofer may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this library without prior written permission.
d. You may not charge copyright license fees for anyone to use, copy or distribute the QuaDRiGa software or your modifications thereto.
e. Your modified versions of the QuaDRiGa must carry prominent notices stating that you changed the software and the date of any change. For modified versions of the QuaDRiGa, the term "Fraunhofer QuaDRiGa" must be replaced by the term "Third-Party Modified Version of the Fraunhofer QuaDRiGa.".
You may add your own copyright statement to your modifications and may provide additional or different license terms and conditions for use, reproduction, or distribution of your modifications, or for any such Derivative Works as a whole, provided your use, reproduction, and distribution of the Work otherwise complies with the conditions stated in this License.
NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED LICENSES TO ANY PATENT CLAIMS, including without limitation the patents of Fraunhofer, ARE GRANTED BY THIS SOFTWARE LICENSE. Fraunhofer provides no warranty of patent non-infringement with respect to this software. You may use Qaudriga or modifications thereto only for purposes that are authorized by appropriate patent licenses.
This Quadriga software is provided by Fraunhofer on behalf of the copyright holders and contributors "AS IS" and WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary, or consequential damages, including but not limited to procurement of substitute goods or services; loss of use, data, or profits, or business interruption, however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strict liability, or tort (including negligence), arising in any way out of the use of this software, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.
The technical documentation gives a detailed overview of the QuaDRiGa channel model, its implementation details and tutorials providing examples for usage. The model has been evolved from the WINNER channel model described in WINNER II deliverable D1.1.2 v.1.2. This document covers only the model itself. Measurement campaigns covering the extraction of suitable parameters can be found in the WINNER documentation. Furthermore, the MIMOSA project covers the model development and parameter extraction for land-mobile satellite channels.
The channel model is parametrized for various applications and scenarios, e.g. urban macrocellular (UMa) or urban microcellular (UMi). The model parameters for these scenarios are either based on measurement campaigns or on standardized models. While a multitude of common configuration files comes with the QuaDRiGa implementation, additional parameterizations based on single measurement campaigns are available here.
|BERLIN UMi Campus LOS||Urban micro campus LOS Konfiguration according to measurements conducted at 3.675 GHz in Berlin, Germany.|
|BERLIN UMi Campus NLOS||Urban micro campus NLOS configuration according to measurements conducted at 3.675 GHz in Berlin, Germany.|
|BERLIN UMi Square LOS||Urban micro open-square LOS configuration according to measurements conducted at 3.675 GHz in Berlin, Germany.|
|BERLIN UMi Square NLOS||Urban micro open-square NLOS configuration according to measurements conducted at 3.675 GHz in Berlin, Germany.|
Please change the file extension .txt to .conf after downloading
|Jaeckel, S.; Raschkowski, L.; Burkhardt, F. & Thiele, L.; "Efficient Sum-of-Sinusoids based Spatial Consistency for the 3GPP New-Radio Channel Model", Proc. IEEE Globecom Workshops '18, 2018.||IEEExplore Digital Library|
|Jaeckel, S.; Raschkowski, L.; Wu, S.; Thiele, L. & Keusgen, W.; "An Explicit Ground Reflection Model for mm-Wave Channels", Proc. IEEE WCNC Workshops '17, 2017.||IEEExplore Digital Library|
|S. Jaeckel, "Quasi-deterministic channel modeling and experimental validation in cooperative and massive MIMO deployment topologies", PhD thesis, Technische Universität Ilmenau, 2017.||Digitale Bibliothek |
Thüringen (open access)
|F. Burkhardt, E. Eberlein, S. Jaeckel, G. Sommerkorn and R. Prieto-Cerdeira, "MIMOSA–a dual approach to detailed land mobile satellite channel modeling", International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking, 2014.||Wiley Online Library|
|K. Börner, J. Dommel, S. Jaeckel and L. Thiele, "On The Requirements for Quasi-Deterministic Radio Channel Models for Heterogeneous Networks", 2012 International Symposium on Signals, Systems and Electronics (ISSSE), pp.1-5, 3-5 Oct. 2012.||IEEExplore Digital Library|
|S. Jaeckel, K. Börner, L. Thiele and V. Jungnickel, "A Geometric Polarization Rotation Model for the 3D Spatial Channel Model", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.60, no.12, pp.5966-5977, Dec. 2012.||IEEExplore Digital Library|
|S. Jaeckel, L. Raschkowski, K. Börner and L. Thiele, "QuaDRiGa: A 3-D Multicell Channel Model with Time Evolution for Enabling Virtual Field Trials", IEEE Transactions on Antennas Propagation, 2014.||IEEExplore Digital Library (open access)|
|F. Burkhardt, E. Eberlein, S. Jaeckel, G. Sommerkorn and R. Prieto-Cerdeira, "QuaDRiGa: a MIMO Channel Model for Land Mobile Satellite", 2014 8th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2014.||IEEExplore Digital Library|
This work is supported by:
European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) under contract AO/1-5985/09/08/NL/LvH (Acronym: MIMOSA) | 01.06.10 – 18.12.13
Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) in the national collaborative project ComGreen under contract 01ME11010. | 01.01.11 – 31.07.14
Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) in the national collaborative project IntelliSpektrum under contract 01ME11024. | 01.04.11 – 30.09.14
European Commission co-funded the project METIS as an Integrated Project under the Seventh Framework Programme for research and development (FP7) | 01.11.12 – 30.04.15
GreenTouch within the funded project “LSAS Channel Modelling” | 01.10.13 – 31.03.15
European Commission funded project 5G PPP mmMAGIC (Millimetre-Wave Based Mobile Radio Access Network for Fifth Generation Integrated Communications) | 01.07.15 – 30.06.17
Celtic-Plus project Reicovair, sponsered by Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). | 01.01.16 – 31.12.18
The 5G-ALLSTAR project receives funding from the European Union Horizon 2020 EU-Korea programme under grant n. 815323 and is supported by the Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT No. 2018-0-00175, 5G AgiLe and fLexible integration of SaTellite And cellulaR)| 01.07.18 – 30.06.21
Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in the national collaborative project PräKIpio | 01.03.20 – ongoing
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